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Out of stock. Get In-Stock Alert. Delivery not available. Pickup not available. About This Item We aim to show you accurate product information. Manufacturers, suppliers and others provide what you see here, and we have not verified it. See our disclaimer. The data provided in this report map the eight years of competition for many OECD countries that fully opened their market to competition in The edition analyses the communications sector over the years following the "dot com bubble" crisis and explores future developments.
The OECD Communications Outlook provides an extensive range of indicators for the development of different communications networks and compares performance indicators such as revenue, investment, employment and prices for service throughout the OECD area. These indicators are essential for industry and for regulators who use benchmarking to evaluate policy performance.
This book is based on the data from the OECD Telecommunications Database , which provides time series of telecommunications and economic indicators, such as network dimension, revenues, investment and employment for OECD countries from to For more information on trends in information technology, globalisation and the impact on the way people live and work, refer to the OECD Information Technology Outlook, published every other year. Customer Reviews. Households devote an average of 2. Telecommunications is a USD 1. The fact that operators have been able to maintain historical growth levels in the face of declining per-minute calling prices shows an ability to adapt to quickly changing market conditions and to develop new income streams.
Voice remains the largest revenue source for operators despite declines in calling prices for both fixed and mobile.follow
OECD Communications Outlook 2011 (08 July 2011)
Ten countries now have mobile sectors which are larger than the fixed sector in revenue terms. Subscriptions growing There have been two major growth areas in telecommunication services in the previous two years — mobile and broadband. This is a dramatic turnaround from the year when there were more fixed line subscribers than mobile. The total number of fixed, mobile and broadband subscriptions in the OECD grew to 1. To emphasise how our ability to communicate has changed, there are seven access paths in for every access path in The sheer increase highlights the growth of the telecommunications industry over this time.
This is an effective penetration rate of Italy had the highest penetration rate with subscribers per inhabitants and only nine countries had less than one subscription per person.
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Mobile growth has been strong but transitioning subscribers to third-generation mobile networks has taken longer than originally planned. As of , only The other prominent growth area has been broadband. Broadband is now the dominant fixed access method in all OECD countries. Dial-up has practically disappeared in Korea where it now only accounts for fewer than two out of every 1 Internet connections. The growth of broadband subscriptions has also helped protect fixed line operators from much more dramatic line losses and has increased the value of cable networks around the world.
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The year also marked a significant shift in fixed broadband technologies. In June , Japan and Korea became the first two countries to have more fibre-based subscriptions than either DSL or cable. Prices falling The impressive subscription growth between and in part reflects more attractively priced offers from operators. Prices have tended to fall for communication services over time on all platforms. The widespread availability of voice-over-broadband services continues to push down fixedline calling prices.
Many voice-over-broadband plans now offer flat-rate calling plans nationally or internationally. Mobile subscribers also benefitted from declining prices between and Prices may be falling but the composition of voice calls is also shifting. The number of minutes of communication per mobile phone is increasing while the minutes on fixed networks are decreasing. Data between and suggest people are making fewer domestic calls on the fixed network in most countries. When people do use fixed networks they are increasingly making calls to users of mobile phones.
Broadband prices have fallen as well over the same time. OECD broadband prices declined significantly over the previous three years. Operators have been able to increase broadband revenues through attracting new customers and bundling broadband with other services, particularly voice. The average price of a low-speed connection advertising downloads at 2 megabits per second or less was USD 32 per month in September At the other end of the scale, broadband connections with download speeds advertised as faster than 30 megabits per second averaged USD 45 per month.
The Internet is expanding but current IPv4 addresses are running short The growth in broadband subscriptions has helped fuel the expansion of the Internet and also been one source of its growing pains. Over half of all hosts million had a generic, top-level domain rather than one tied to a country code.
This growth in the number of networks, and devices attached to those networks has led to a shortage of unique Internet addresses used to identify individual devices connected to the Internet. As a result, there is a need for all network operators to upgrade to a new Internet addressing scheme, Internet protocol version 6 IPv6. Based on allocation trends, experts estimate that the addresses in the current scheme IPv4 will run out in or early January projections.
Television broadcasting evolving Operators are investing heavily in new, high-speed broadband networks and this allows a much richer audio-visual experience than early broadband connections were capable of transmitting. As a result, the audio visual landscape is rapidly changing with audio and video now delivered over a range of different networks and devices. Television is no longer the sole conduit for diffusion of video data as consumers now watch video content on an array of devices. Broadcasters, telecommunication operators fixed and mobile , Internet service providers, content aggregators, advertisers and users are all active parts of a new, converged market.
Content is repackaged to ensure that it is accessible over all available networks and devices. Traditional linear diffusion of content maintains an advantage over other media because of the near ubiquity of televisions in households. This provides a strong base for terrestrial, cable and satellite broadcasters.
At the same time, it represents a challenge to new media operators who try to attract viewers to other devices. Television has become a lucrative potential market for DSL providers and a historical revenue stream to protect for cable operators. Regulatory changes to support growth Broadband, and with it the Internet, is often viewed as a general purpose technology having a wide impact on a large number of industries, on social interaction and resulting in a range of new innovative services which have diffused rapidly across economies. Broadband is viewed as an enabler of productivity and economic growth, but its impact on economies will depend on broadband being used by business and consumers, which requires access to broadband at low prices and good quality.
In turn, these factors are closely linked with competition in the market. The high fixed investment costs for new fibre networks to users means a limit to the number of competing fibre networks a specific geographic area may be able to support. Facilitiesbased competition may be difficult to develop in some markets. Investment in new technology such as next generation access networks, is taking place mainly in urban areas.
There are concerns about the implications this may have in creating new digital geographic divides and whether alternative technologies, such as high-speed wireless, are sufficiently adequate to provide rural and remote areas with sufficient capacity for emerging services. With these concerns in mind, regulatory frameworks, which had reached a certain stability and maturity during the last decade, are in many cases being reviewed in order to ensure that competition prevails.
Fixed line and cable providers are investing in fibre-optic infrastructure, and wireless carriers are paying for new radio-interface upgrades in order to offer higher-speed data services. Telecommunication markets are relatively resilient to economic shocks. The bursting of the dot-com bubble and subsequent bankruptcies created problems in the telecommunication sector but the number of subscribers continued increasing at a steady pace Figure 1.
Figure 1. Revenues continued growing during the recessionary period in most countries, including the United States see Chapter 3. Several characteristics of the telecommunication sector such as the increasing view that communication services are increasingly non-discretionary spending items, long contract durations and bundled services help explain why operators are relatively well insulated from economic downturns.
For example, job seekers may view Internet access at home as a key tool for finding new employment. Telecommunication providers also tend to set contract durations at periods of 12 months or longer as a way to recover the costs of the equipment they provide for use when a contract is signed.
Mobile phone operators subsidise consumer handsets and recover the costs over the period of the contract, typically months. Broadband providers often have a similar contract structure due to the cost of user premises equipment and installation. Consumers typically face steep penalties if they choose to cancel a subscription before the end of a telecommunication contract.
This provides more incentive to look for budget cuts in other areas of household consumption first.
Oecd Communications Outlook 2009: Informationa And Communications Technologies
Another characteristic of telecommunication markets which may explain their resiliency is the growth of bundled services. One of the key trends discussed in this edition of the OECD Communications Outlook is the shift toward bundled services and the appeal of these packages to consumers and operators. Operators bundle voice with video and data services as a way to increase revenues and help foster service loyalty. This loyalty is particularly beneficial to operators during economic downturns because households often value one of the services more than the others and choose to remain a subscriber rather than cancelling an entire bundle.
One area of telecommunication markets which is susceptible to economic downturns is investment. Telecommunication investment reached its peak in at USD billion during the height of the Internet bubble.